CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (2023)

ImRadiology, diagnoses related to the pelvic region are very common to code. For example, ovarian cysts, pelvic pain, abdominal pain, etc. are the common diagnosis for a pelvic exam in women. Most often, the ultrasound CPT code 76856 is used for the pelvic region. This is the most commonly usedUltraschall CPT code in radiology. Also, along with CPT 76856, we will mainly encode endovaginal CPT code 76830.These two codes are coded together in most exams. But medical coders should read the documentation carefully and then only code for pelvic ultrasound (76856) and endovaginal (76830) cpt codes. If the exam or technique does not support any of these CPT codes, we should not assign these codes.

CPT Code 76856 & 76830, should only be used for non-OB exams, for obstetric or pregnancy exams,biophysical profile testingWe have separate CPT codes.

The definition

Transvaginal Ultrasound: A transvaginal ultrasound is a type of pelvic ultrasound used by doctors to examine the female reproductive system. This includes the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and vagina. "Transvaginal" means "through the vagina". This is an internal review.
Ultrasound of the pelvis: A pelvic ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic exam that produces images that are used to evaluate organs and structures in the female pelvis. A pelvic ultrasound provides a quick visualization of the female pelvic organs and structures, including the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The transducer is pressed firmly against the skin and moved back and forth across the lower abdomen, obtaining images of the uterus, ovaries, and surrounding pelvic structures. It is an external exam.

Not obstetric: Not related to pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum.

CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (1)

Also read:Coding Tips for Ultrasound CPT Codes in Radiology

When should CPT codes 76856 and 76830 be used?

There are two CPT codes for encoding the pelvisUltrasonic, procedure code 76856 and 76857. Now when all pelvic organs including uterus, adnexal structures, ovaries, endometrium, bladder are present along with a pelvic diagnosis, you can proceed and code CPT code 76856 (complete examination).

If only one organ or part of the pelvic region is examined, we need to encode a limited pelvic ultrasound CPT code 76857. Therefore, medical coders should carefully read the medical report to code between full and limited ultrasound CPT code for the pelvic region. And the Ultrasound CPT 76830 is used when performing the endovaginal examination. Below is the detailed description of all these CPT codes.

76856 - Pelvis, non-OB Complete transabdominal ultrasonography

76857- Pelvis, non-OB Ultrasound LimitedExam

76830 pelvis, endovaginal examination without OB

Required items for CPT 76856 encoding

(Video) Coding Guidelines for Pregnancy CPT codes in Radiology

Non-OB female pelvic US
• Description AND measurements of the uterus and adnexal structures
• Measurement of the endometrium
• Bladder measurement (if applicable)
• Any imaged pelvic pathology

Male pelvis US
• Assessment and measurement (if applicable) of the urinary bladder
• Assessment of the prostate and seminal vesicles (if visible
• Any imaged pelvic pathology

Also read:When to code abdominal ultrasound CPT code 76700

Points to consider when coding CPT codes 76856 and 76830

As you know, there are OB and non-OB CPT codes for pelvic examination, so you should not confuse these codes. The pelvic ultrasoundOB Cpt-Codeinclude the codes 76801, 76802, 76805, 76810, etc. While the non-OB pelvic CPT codes include 76856, 76857, and 76830.

We may invoice procedure codes 76856 and 76830 together. Many programmers get confused when they bill these two codes together. However, according to the coding guidelines, there are no NCCI edits between CPT codes 76856 and 76830, so both procedural codes can be coded together. Exception may be for AETNA that saysEffective December 1, 2012, CPT code 76856 (pelvic ultrasound) is denied as incidental when billed with 76830 (transvaginal ultrasound) for facility claims. Specialists are currently subject to this change.

Don't encodethe full (76856) and restricted (76857) exam CPT codes together. Both exams cannot be taken together.

Don't encodea full exam CPT code 76856 for a restricted exam. This is calledupcode, because you charge more by encoding a high dollar value CPT code.

Don't encode76817 for non-OB procedures for transvaginal examination. CPTCode76817 describes obstetric ultrasonography via the transvaginal approach and includes evaluation of the embryo(s) and gestational sac(s) and evaluation of the maternal uterus, adnexa and/or cervix. CPT code 76830 is coded for N0n-OB transvaginal ultrasound scan and code 76817 is used for coding OB or pregnant uterus.

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CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (2)CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (3)CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (4)


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CPT code 76856 stands for Non-Obstetric Pelvic Ultrasound, Real Time with Pictorial Documentation; Completely. The CPT code 76830 stands for a non-obstetric transvaginal ultrasound. If a provider performs a pelvic ultrasound during a doctor's visit and determines that the image is unclear and a transvaginal ultrasound is required, only the transvaginal ultrasound will be reimbursed at 100% of the allowable amount. Pelvic ultrasound is reimbursed at 50% of the allowable amount.

Encoding Examples for 76856 & 76830 CPT Codes

scenario 1

Suppose a patient comes in with pelvic pain and the doctor orders a transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound of the pelvis. But in order to encode both procedures, the documentation should clearly support the ordered test.

If the medical report only documents and mentions the transabdominal pelvic ultrasound, then report only CPT code 76856.

scenario 2

Suppose a patient comes in with pelvic pain and the doctor performs a non-OB transabdominal and transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. However, during the examination, the doctor accidentally discovers that the patient is pregnant. Now how we should report this scenario.

We should only code what was done, therefore in this investigation the doctor performed a non-OB exam and therefore the coder should only report CPT codes 76856 and 76830.

Do not code this chart with OB-CPT codes 76801 and 76817 just because the patient is pregnant. This leads to upcoding.

Code the procedure ordered and performed by the physician.

scenario 3

(Video) Pregnancy Ultrasounds Being Denied

Well, if the patient has some OB pelvic pain and the doctor does an OB pelvic ultrasound both transabdominal and transvaginal.

Well here, if the documentation supports the procedures, the coder can directly report the OB procedure code 76801 for the first trimester and 76805 for the second and third trimesters. Use CPT code 76817 for transvaginal OB ultrasound.

Check whether the check performed is complete or limited. For a limited OB investigation, the coder should report CPT code 76815.

scenario 4

Suppose the patient has OB pelvic pain. This patient is 20 weeks pregnant with 2 fetuses. To thetwin pregnancythe doctor orders a complete transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound examination.

Well, for this scenario, if the documentation fully supports it, the programmer should reportCPT-Code 76805 (first fetus), 76810 (additional fetus) and 76817 for transvaginal ultrasound examination.

For a limited transabdominal OB examination, only one CPT code 76815 should be reported, regardless of the number of fetuses. This description of CPT code 76815 reads: “Ultrasound, pregnant uterus, real time with photo documentation, limited, 1 or more fetuses', so we can report this code for multiple fetuses.

Also read:Best Coding Guide for Acute and Chronic ICD 10 Codes

ICD 10 codes supporting CPT codes 76856 and 76857

A18.14 Tuberculosis of the prostate
A56.11 Chlamydial inflammatory disease of female pelvis

N82.8 Other fistulas of female genital tract
N83.53 - N84.0 - Opens in new window Torsion of ovary, ovarian pedicle and fallopian tube - polyp of the corpus uteri

K68.11 Postprocedural retroperitoneal abscess
K68.9 Other retroperitoneal disorders

N13.9 Obstructive and reflux uropathy, unspecified
N21.0 Tartar in bladder

(Video) Radiology Part 2

Sample coded report for procedure code 76856 and 76830


REASON FOR THE STUDY:H/o: Neoplasm, Ovarian cysts

MEDICAL HISTORY:History of fibroids and ovarian cysts.

The study was conducted at an ACR-accredited facility. Pelvic ultrasound was performed using transabdominal and transvaginal approaches to assess grayscale appearance.

Uterus: The uterus measures 9.2 x 6.0 x 6.6 cm. There are numerous, mostly intramural, rounded regions of altered echotexture compatible with fibroids, the largest detected within the posterior uterine body measurement
3.6 x 2.6 x 2.8 cm Significantly unchanged compared to the patient's previous study.
Endometrium: The endometrium is heterogeneous in echotexture and measures 3 cm. Ovaries: The right ovary measures 2.4 cm, the left ovary measures 6.4 cm. Within the bilateral ovaries there are smooth, circumscribed, round, anechoic foci
with imperceptible walls and increased by transmission, compatible with simple cysts measuring 1.7 cm on the right and 5.5 cm on the left, previously 7.7 cm on the patient's sonogram of October 2016.
Free Liquid: None.

1. Thickened heterogeneous endometrium 3 cm long. An endometrial lesion cannot be definitively ruled out.
2. Stable uterine fibroids up to 3.6 cm in size.
3. Bilateral ovarian cysts measuring up to 1.7 cm on the right and 5.5 cm on the left.

CPT-Code: 76856, 76830




CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (5)CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (6)CPT Codes 76856, 76857 and 76830: Pelvic Ultrasound Coding (7)



What is the difference between CPT code 76830 and 76856? ›

CPT code 76856 represents a non-obstetrical pelvic ultrasound, real time with image documentation; complete. CPT code 76830 represents a non-obstetrical transvaginal ultrasound.

What is CPT code 76857 and 76830? ›

Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Pelvis Non-Obstetrical CPT® Code range 76830- 76857. The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code range for Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Pelvis 76830-76857 is a medical code set maintained by the American Medical Association.

What is the difference between 76857 and 76856? ›

76857 is a limited study and typically focuses on one or more elements listed under 76856 and/or the reevaluation of one or more pelvic abnormalities. Post voiding residual bladder volume is not reimbursable by CPT codes 76856 and 76857. Measurement of post voiding residual should be billed using CPT code 51798.

What is pelvic ultrasound CPT code 76856? ›

76856 is a complete evaluation and must minimally include: Female: description and measurements of the uterus and adnexal structures, measurement of the endometrium and bladder, and a description of any pelvic pathology.

Can 76857 and 76830 be billed together? ›

If a translabial or transvaginal ultrasound is performed for external signs and symptoms use CPT code 76857, limited pelvis. CPT code 76856 or 76857 may be reported together with code 76830 when clinically appropriate, however, it is not intended to be reported together with code 76830 for every patient.”

Can 76830 be billed with 76856? ›

Many coders have confusion in billing these two codes together. But, as per coding guidelines their are no NCCI edits between CPT code 76856 & 76830, hence both procedure codes can be coded together.

Is a pelvic ultrasound the same as an abdominal ultrasound? ›

Healthcare providers consider abdominal ultrasound a type of pelvic ultrasound because it evaluates tissues inside the pelvis (hip bones). Other types of pelvic ultrasound include transvaginal ultrasound and rectal ultrasound.

What is the CPT code for ultrasound abdomen and pelvis? ›

CPT® 76705, Under Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Abdomen and Retroperitoneum. The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code 76705 as maintained by American Medical Association, is a medical procedural code under the range - Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Abdomen and Retroperitoneum.

Is a pelvic sonogram the same as an ultrasound? ›

Often, the terms sonogram and ultrasound are used interchangeably. However, there's a difference between the two: An ultrasound is a tool used to take a picture. A sonogram is the picture that the ultrasound generates.

Why would a pelvic ultrasound be ordered? ›

Common reasons for a pelvic ultrasound

In general, we'll use a pelvic ultrasound to diagnose and assist in the treatment of conditions like: abnormalities in the anatomic structure of your uterus, including endometrial issues. fibroid tumors, masses, cysts, and other types of tumors within the pelvis.

What does pelvic ultrasound show for infertility? ›

Different types of ultrasound scanning for infertility include: Baseline or screening ultrasound to assess the pelvic anatomy of the uterus, including uterine lining and bilateral ovaries. All abnormal findings are measured and characterized, such as fibroids, uterine malformations, hydrosalpinges, and ovarian cysts.

What is a non obstetric ultrasound for? ›

Non-Obstetric Ultrasound (NOUS) is a procedure that offers patients non-invasive scans to diagnose a range of conditions. NOUS scans are often available in local GP services. As there are a number of different providers of this service, patients are able to visit the service that suits them best.

What diagnosis is covered by CPT 76830? ›

The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code 76830 as maintained by American Medical Association, is a medical procedural code under the range - Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Pelvis Non-Obstetrical.

What is medical necessity for 76830? ›

According to the policy, this is the ONLY covered reason: Non-obstetrical transvaginal ultrasound is considered medically necessary for the evaluation of suspected pelvic pathology or for screening or surveillance of a woman at increased risk for ovarian or endometrial cancer.

What is the CPT code for pelvic ultrasound OB? ›

CPT code 76817 represents an ultrasound, pregnant uterus, real time with image documentation, transvaginal.

Can a pelvic and abdominal ultrasound be done at the same time? ›

The procedure is the same as listed for abdomen and pelvis. The sonographer will check your bladder and if it is full, do the pelvic ultrasound and let you go the bathroom before proceeding with the abdominal portion of the exam.

Does CPT 76856 need a modifier? ›

You should append modifier 59 (Distinct procedural service) to 76856 when documentation supports overriding the edit.

What should be the gap between two ultrasound? ›

Most healthy women receive two ultrasound scans during pregnancy. "The first is, ideally, in the first trimester to confirm the due date, and the second is at 18-22 weeks to confirm normal anatomy and the sex of the baby," explains Mendiola.

What is included in CPT code 76856? ›

CPT® 76856, Under Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Pelvis Non-Obstetrical. The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code 76856 as maintained by American Medical Association, is a medical procedural code under the range - Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures of the Pelvis Non-Obstetrical.

What are the different types of pelvic ultrasounds? ›

There are three types of pelvic ultrasound: abdominal, vaginal (for women), and rectal (for men). These exams are frequently used to evaluate the reproductive and urinary systems. Ultrasound is safe, noninvasive and does not use ionizing radiation. This procedure requires little to no special preparation.

What are the 3 types of ultrasounds? ›

What Are the Different Types of Ultrasound?
  • Saline Infusion Sonography.
  • Sonohysterography.
  • Ultrasound - Uterus.

What are the two types of ultrasound? ›

Types of Ultrasounds (Sonograms)
  • Abdominal Ultrasound. ...
  • Pelvic Ultrasound Imaging. ...
  • Transabdominal. ...
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound. ...
  • Transrectal. ...
  • Obstetric Ultrasound Imaging. ...
  • Carotid & Abdominal Aorta Ultrasound Imaging.

Which scan is best for abdomen and pelvis? ›

Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis is a diagnostic imaging test. Doctors use it to help detect diseases of the small bowel, colon, and other internal organs. It is often used to determine the cause of unexplained pain. CT scanning is fast, painless, noninvasive and accurate.

What is the CPT code for abdomen and pelvis with and without contrast? ›

Report 74176 when both studies (abdomen and pelvis) are performed without contrast. Apply 74177 if both studies are performed with contrast.

How do you code a pelvic exam? ›

411, Encounter for gynecological examination (general) (routine) with abnormal findings, or Z01. 419, Encounter for gynecological examination (general) (routine) without abnormal findings, may be used as the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code for the annual exam performed by an obstetrician–gynecologist.

Is a pelvic ultrasound a Pap smear? ›

Pap smears and pelvic exams help doctors assess gynecologic health, but they are not the same thing. A pelvic exam is a medical inspection of the reproductive system. A Pap smear, on the other hand, is a test to screen for cervical cancer.

What is the difference between internal and external pelvic ultrasound? ›

The main difference between the external Vs internal ultrasound is the image clarity and the higher resolution images that are obtained when doing the internal pelvic ultrasound, this is simply due to depth and other pitfalls (such as bowel gas).

Does pelvic ultrasound include abdomen? ›

A pelvic ultrasound looks at the organs in your pelvic area between your abdomen (belly) and legs. It may also look at your lower abdomen.

How much does pelvic ultrasound cost? ›

Ultrasound pelvis price depends on the diagnostic centre, radiologist, city and type of the scan. However, mostly it ranges from Rs 800 to Rs 1500.

What does a pelvic ultrasound consist of? ›

A pelvic ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the inside of the lower belly (pelvis). It allows your doctor to see your bladder, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The sound waves create a picture on a video monitor.

Is a pelvic ultrasound necessary? ›

Although they aren't included in most annual exams, these ultrasounds allow us to see the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. They also detect the presence of cysts and fibroids, which can be hard to identify through a pelvic examination alone.

Can a pelvic ultrasound see how many eggs you have? ›

This ultrasound also allows the fertility specialist to analyze the health of the woman's ovaries and determine her antral follicle count, which is an estimate of how many eggs are still in the woman's ovaries.

Can you see sperm in a pelvic ultrasound? ›

The ultrasonically visible material was observed in the uterine cavity for 10 min during which the procedure was video-recorded. The injected sperm suspension was clearly visible in all cases.

Can infertility be diagnosed by ultrasound? ›

Ultrasound is an effective way to diagnose possible causes for infertility such as evaluating the ovaries, endometrium, uterus, and fallopian tubes.

What are the indications for ordering an obstetric ultrasound? ›

Indications for Obstetric Ultrasound
  • Vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or any concern for an ectopic pregnancy.
  • To confirm intrauterine gestation and cardiac activity and to estimate gestational age.
  • To evaluate pelvic or uterine masses.
  • To assess for certain fetal anomalies in high-risk patients, including anencephaly.
Apr 28, 2021

Do I need a full bladder for a non obstetric ultrasound? ›

Why You Shouldn't Empty Your Bladder When Preparing for an Ultrasound. The answer is simple: one of the most common areas on the body to be examined through an ultrasound scan is the abdomen. Depending on the internal structure that is to be scanned, the bladder may need to be full for better visualization.

What is a non medical use of ultrasound? ›

Non-medical fetal ultrasound (also known as 'keepsake' ultrasound) is defined as using ultrasound to view, take a picture, or determine the sex of a fetus without a medical indication.

Are abdominal and pelvic ultrasounds different? ›

Healthcare providers consider abdominal ultrasound a type of pelvic ultrasound because it evaluates tissues inside the pelvis (hip bones). Other types of pelvic ultrasound include transvaginal ultrasound and rectal ultrasound.

Are there different types of pelvic ultrasounds? ›

There are three types of pelvic ultrasound: abdominal (transabdominal) vaginal (transvaginal/endovaginal) for women. rectal (transrectal) for men.

Is pelvic ultrasound same as abdominal? ›

An ultrasound, also named sonography, of the abdomen and the pelvic makes it possible to see your abdominal and pelvic organs: liver, gallbladder, kidneys, bladder, uterus, ovaries, prostate and seminal vesicles.

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